Are there second opportunities after death for those who are not right with God? If that were true it would be a direct contradiction of many clear teachings found in the Scripture.
The apostle Paul taught, “For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad” (2 Cor. 5:10). If we will receive judgment for the things done “in the body,” it is clear that we cannot change our spiritual condition once the spirit has departed from the body in death (Jam. 2:26).
Two realms are separated from one another in Hades. Jesus called one “Abraham’s bosom” (Lk 16:22) and the other “torment” (Lk 16:23). Jesus makes it clear in His account of Abraham’s discourse with the rich man that souls within these realms cannot cross from one place to the other. Abraham declared, “those who want to pass from here to you cannot, nor can those from there pass to us” (Lk 16:26).
It has often be surmised by those who want to circumvent the commandments of Jesus, “What if a man died on his way to being baptized__ would God save him?” Of course, according to God’s Word, the answer is no. The man waited too long. We can have multiple chances while we are alive to obey the gospel, even though we are not promised a set number of chances. Life can end without any warning whatsoever. This is why early day converts were immediately baptized upon their belief and confession that Jesus was the Christ (Acts 8:37,38). We have only one chance to get right with God and that chance is life here on earth. Once we die physically, our soul returns back to God who gave it (Eccl 12:7). The Hebrew writer wrote, “It is appointed for men to die once, but after this the judgment” (Heb. 9:27).
Once we die, we shall be judged by Jesus Christ according to the gospel of Christ and His apostles (Rom 2:16 f; Jn 12:48). If we have obeyed the will of God we shall hear “Well done, good and faithful servant; you were faithful over a few things, I will make you ruler over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord” (Matt 25:21). If we know not God and have not obeyed the gospel we shall hear, “I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!” (Matt 7:23). Then shall we be cast into the lake of fire which burns with fire and brimstone (Rev 20:12-15 f; 2 Thess 1:7-9). We have only one lifetime to get right with God, and for our soul’s sake, we better get it right.