There are some people who believe and teach that the Law of Moses is still binding upon us, and that therefore we should keep the Sabbath Day (Saturday Worship) instead of meeting to worship upon the First Day of the week as prescribed in the New Covenant. (Acts 20:7) And there still are people who believe and teach that all one has to do to be saved is to keep the Ten Commandments. Paul told us that the Law of Moses served its purpose, and therefore was done away. We are no longer under it. How long did the law of Moses last?
Till the Seed Should Come
“Now this I say: A covenant confirmed beforehand by God, the law, which came four hundred and thirty years after, doth not disannul, so as to make the promise of none effect. For if the inheritance is of the law, it is no more of promise: but God hath granted it to Abraham by promise. What then is the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise hath been made: and it was ordained through angels by the hand of a mediator.” Notice especially the statement, “It was added because of transgressions till the seed should come.” Paul’s statement enlightens us as to the duration of the Law. It was to last “till the seed should come.” (Gal 3:17-19)
Paul was saying that the Law was added because of transgressions “even unto,” or “until,” or “to the time that” the seed should come. The word “till” implies the place at which a certain thing will terminate.
So how long was the Law to last? Paul said it was to last “till” the seed should come. Well, how long was that? If we simply read the verse preceding the one we have just read, this will be clear: “Now to Abraham were the promises spoken, and to his seed. He says not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ” (Gal. 3:16). Paul said that the seed spoken of is Christ. The Law was to last “till” Christ should come. When the seed, or Christ, came the Law was to be done away. This coincides perfectly with’ what Paul had previously said about man’s being made dead to the Law through the body of Christ (Rom. 7:4). The duration of the Law, therefore, was until the death of Christ. At that time Moses’ Law was nailed to the cross of Jesus Christ. (Col 2:14)
Till We are Brought To The Instructor
Paul made another statement that gives us light into how long the Law of Moses was intended to last. “So that the law is become our tutor to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.” Gal. 3:24, A tutor is different from a teacher. The Law was our “tutor” or “schoolmaster” to bring us to Christ. It was a purpose of the Law to see that mankind was safely delivered unto Christ, the instructor.
Paul continued by saying, “But now that faith is come, we are no longer under a tutor” (Gal. 3:25). If there is any one passage in the New Testament that makes it unequivocally plain that the Law of Moses was temporary, this is it. He first said that the Law is our tutor to bring us to Christ (v. 24). Then, he declared that now that faith is come we are no longer under a tutor (v. 25). If the Law is a tutor, and Paul said we are no longer under the tutor, how can men yet declare and argue that we are bound by the Law of Moses? Paul’s argument is that we are released from the Law of Moses, and that we have perfect freedom in Christ. So here is a second statement of Paul as to the duration of the Law. First he said the Law was added because of transgressions till the seed should come (v. 3:19), and then he said the Law is a tutor, but we are no longer under a tutor.
How long did the Law last? It lasted until Christ nailed it to His cross. Paul said, “God having of old time spoken unto the fathers in the prophets by divers portions and in divers manner, hath in these last days spoken unto us in his Son” (Heb. 1:1). We are not to go by the Law of Moses, but by the Law of Christ. Christ died to take the Old Testament out of the way, that He might establish the New Testament in His blood. (Heb 10:9)